Leptailurus Serval is listed on CITES Appendix II and EU Annex B.
It is listed as Least Concern LC on the IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) Red List of Threatened Species.
The regulation of farms keeping non-domestic wild animals meets several objectives:
Protect wildlife: the keeping and use of wildlife animals must not harm biodiversity.
Define good conditions of detention for these wild animals: the accommodation conditions must meet the biological characteristics of the animals.
Ensure the safety and preservation of people’s health: beyond the good conditions of detention, the people raising and caring for these animals.
B Leptailurus Serval regulations in France:
1. His detention must comply with the conditions laid down by:
The decree of August 10, 2004 setting the conditions for authorizing the keeping of animals of certain non-domestic species in establishments for the breeding, sale, rental, transit or presentation to the public of animals of non-domestic species. servants
It belongs to the order of carnivores over 6 kg, appendix 2 of the ministerial decree of 10/08/2004 then considers it as a dangerous non-domestic species and therefore requires the obtaining of a certificate. of capacity and an authorization to open a breeding establishment, sale, transit, or presentation to the public of non-domestic animals.
Its detention can only be authorized within a breeding establishment or presentation to the public of animals of non-domestic species according to the decree amended on July 30, 2010
the leptailurus is listed in annex 3 by the decree of August 5, 2008, as a dangerous species because it is a carnivore of more than 6 kg
2. Administrative authorizations:
A certificate of competence
Article L.413-2 of the Environment Code requires that the managers of establishments keeping animals of non-domestic species, in accordance with the decree of August 10, 2004 amended by the decree of July 30, 2010, hold a certificate of competence. The capacity certificate is an individual document issued by the administration. It is personal and non-transferable. It is not a diploma but an administrative authorization to keep non-domestic animals. The certificate of capacity is issued for:
an activity: sale, breeding, presentation to the public…
certain species or groups of species
It can be issued without time limit, or for a probationary period if the applicant needs to perfect his knowledge.
The examination of applications for a certificate of capacity and authorization to open an establishment is carried out, under the authority of the prefect, by the Departmental Directorate for Social Cohesion and Protection of Populations (DDCSPP) and requires the opinion of the departmental commission for sites, perspectives and landscapes.
An authorization to open a breeding establishment, sale, transit, or presentation to the public of animals of non-domestic species
(ministerial decree of 10/08/2004)
The opening of establishments for the breeding, sale, rental or transit of animals of non-domestic species*, as well as fixed or mobile establishments intended for the presentation to the public of live specimens of local or foreign fauna must be the subject of an authorization for the protection of nature (Rural Code: article L.213-3).
The authorization to open concerns all types of establishments holding animals of non-domestic species*. The procedure is initiated by the prefect of the department where the establishment is located.
Are considered as belonging to non-domestic species animals that have not undergone modification by selection on the part of man.
The request for authorization (or regularization) to open must be submitted as soon as the person in charge of the maintenance of the animals in the establishment has obtained the certificate of capacity. In fact, the authorization is subject to the prior obtaining of the certificate of capacity by the applicant.
The characteristics with which the fixed or mobile installations must comply, as well as the general operating or transport rules and the identification methods for kept animals, are set by joint decrees of the ministers responsible for the protection of nature and agriculture, after opinion of the National Council for the Protection of Nature.
ENVIRONMENTAL CODE – book IV Fauna and Flora: article L.413-3 and RURAL CODE (New) – book
II Protection of Nature: articles and R.213-5 to R.213-22.
C Global regulations for captive wildlife:
The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, known as the CITES Convention or the Washington Convention, is an international agreement between States. Its purpose is to ensure that international trade in specimens of wild animals and plants does not threaten the survival of the species to which they belong. Species covered by CITES are listed in one of the three Appendices of the Convention according to the degree of protection they require.
Appendix I includes all species threatened with extinction. Trade in their specimens is only permitted under exceptional conditions.
Appendix II includes all species which are not necessarily threatened with extinction but whose trade in specimens must be regulated to avoid exploitation incompatible with their survival.
Appendix to which the Leptailurus Serval belongs.
Appendix III includes all species protected in a country that has asked other CITES Parties for assistance in controlling trade. The procedure for making changes to Annex III is separate from that for Annexes I and II, as each Party is entitled to make amendments unilaterally.
A specimen of a CITES species may only be imported into or exported (or re-exported) from a State Party to the Convention if the appropriate document has been obtained and presented at the point of entry or exit. The provisions vary somewhat from country to country. So always check them, as national laws may be stricter.
D European regulations for captive wildlife:
Since June 1, 1997, the Member States of the European Union have applied Council Regulation EC No. 338/97.
EC REGULATION N°338/97
This is the regulation (established at the Council meeting of 09/12/1996) relating to the protection of species of wild fauna and flora, by controlling their trade. It is based on CITES.
This regulation includes the entire list of species listed in Appendices I, II and III of CITES, as well as certain others by including them in 4 appendices:
The degree of protection varies according to the appendix in which the species appears.
Its content therefore determines the provisions and documents necessary for the import, export, re-export and intra-Community trade of specimens of species listed in one of its appendices.
Annex A :
Corresponds to CITES Appendix I, plus some species to which the EU wishes to confer
a higher protection status: these are species in Appendix II or III, as well as certain
native species protected by the so-called “Birds” and “Habitat” Community Directives.
Corresponds to species in appendix II not listed in appendix A, to a few species of
appendix III and certain “non-CITES” species constituting ecological threats (so-called
Appendix to which the Leptailurus Serval belongs.
Corresponds to species in Appendix III, which are listed neither in Appendix A nor in Appendix B.
It is made up of species which are not listed in CITES, but which the EU considers to be
import volumes warrant monitoring.
The import of specimens of endangered species within the EU is subject to the granting of a permit by an authority of the EU country of destination or an import notification.
Export from the EU also requires the granting of a re-export permit or certificate issued by an authority of the EU country where these species are found.
If you are in possession of specimens protected by the Washington Convention and by Community regulations, you must at all times be able to prove the legality of this detention.
Since January 1, 2001, the Regional Directorates for the Environment, Planning and Housing (DREAL) have been responsible for issuing CITES documents at the request of importers and exporters, whether professional or private. .